Antiquities of the Historic Era (West Wing)
Display of antiquities from every period of the Historic era. The Geometric period (10th - 8th c. BC) is represented by vases, figurines, weapons and jewellery, mainly from tombs in Chania Prefecture, while part of an early-7th-century frieze from the city of Chania is dated to the Archaic period (7th - 6th c. BC). The exhibition also includes a rich collection of clay vases, clay female figurines and figurines of mourners, and gold jewellery (wreaths, diadems, bands, earrings, etc.) from tombs of the Historic period in the city of Chania, sculptures, stelai, incised inscriptions from various parts of the Prefecture, and mosaic floors dating from the Roman era (2nd-3rd c. AD). A particularly interesting exhibit is the statue of a philosopher of the Roman period from the ancient city of Elyros.
Prehistoric Collection (East Wing)
Late Neolithic and Bronze Age finds. The display includes clay handmade vases of the Transitional Neolithic period from the island of Gavdos; early cave finds with non-Cretan influences (Helladic and Cycladic); an archive of Linear A clay tablets, clay discs and sealings; a group of Linear B tablets; a series of vessels from the local workshop of Minoan Cydonia, including a jewel box depicting a lyre-player; a collection of relief plaques of hippopotamus ivory found in Minoan tombs; jewellery; clay Minoan larnakes; and large storage pithoi.